Trauma occurs when an occasion, arrangement of events, or situation that is experienced by person as mentally or emotionally harmful or threatening and that can have lasting adverse effects on the person’s working and physical, social, enthusiastic prosperity.
In physical medicine, major trauma is injury or damage to a biological organism caused by physical harm from an external source. Major trauma is also injury that can potentially lead to serious long-term outcomes like chronic pain. In psychology, psychological trauma is a type of damage to the psyche that occurs as a result of a severely distressing event. This definition of trauma is fairly broad. It includes responses to powerful one-time incidents like accidents, natural disasters, crimes, surgeries, deaths, and other violent events. It also includes responses to chronic or repetitive experiences such as child abuse, neglect, combat, urban violence, concentration camps, battering relationships, and enduring deprivation. This definition intentionally does not allow us to determine whether a particular event is traumatic; that is up to each survivor. This definition provides a guideline for our understanding of a survivor’s experience of the events and conditions of his/her life. Psychological trauma is a type of damage to the psyche that occurs as a result of a severely distressing event.
Based on the nature of the injury, proper equipments and medical facility becomes highly essential in order to prevent loss of life or further damage to the body parts. Initial assessment is very critical in case of trauma to determine the extent of injury and proceed for timely treatment.