A broken bone is considered a complex fracture when the break is more severe than a routine fracture. Damage usually includes injury to multiple bones, joints, ligaments, and tendons and requires intensive treatment and rehabilitation. A complex fracture tends to occur with an “open fracture” with the broken bone protruding outward through the skin. Complex fractures are usually caused by sudden trauma from a sports injury, auto accident, hard falls from heights or brittle bones from aging.
The complex nature of this area of orthopedics requires a surgeon who has substantial experience treating complex operations, such as peri-articular fractures.
Complex fractures exhibit certain characteristics, which set them apart from normal fractures and help in classifying the extent of the injury.